The Global Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5% during the forecasting period (2022-2029).
Polytetrafluoroethylene is also known as Teflon, and it is made with four ingredients - fluorspar, hydrofluoric corrosive, chloroform, and water, which are combined in a chemical reaction chamber warmed to between 1094-1652°F (590-900°C). Moreover, PTFE includes two primary stages and a series reaction. TFE should be blended out of chloroform (trichloromethane), hydrofluoric corrosive, and fluorspar, and these mixings are joined in a cycle known as pyrolysis. As TFE is profoundly combustible, and its transportation is hazardous, the progression should be performed nearby, where the eventual outcome (PTFE) is made. Next, the TFE is polymerized into PTFE by revolutionary polymerization, with the assistance of limited quantities of initiators like corrosive succinic peroxide or ammonium persulfate. In addition to it, the other key element of the polymerization cycle is water.
PTFE has a huge worldwide annual production of around 200,000 tons in 2019 due to growth in the medical, automobile, and domestic utensil sector for its outstanding thermal stability, chemical resistance, low surface energy, and good electrical insulation.
The development and innovation in polytetrafluoroethylene for long-lasting and high-performance chemicals can be added to increase the machine's efficiency. Besides, it reduces the need for replacement parts, which correspondingly saves money and the time needed to fit the replacements. Moreover, it will also reduce maintenance needs as there is less chance of occurring fault in the equipment and eliminate manufacturing expensive due to faults or repairs. Additionally, many new designs with many new application-specific products such as tacmaster, taccook & tacpatch for the food cooking industry, tacweld for the uPVC industry, taccast for PU extrusion, and the automotive industries will increase the market growth of PTFE in the future.
However, the Polytetrafluoroethylene has great benefits, but its application has some limitations: the impossibility of using conventional molten-state processing methods and difficulty and cost of the suitable specific methods, sensitivity to creep and abrasion, significant dimensional variation around glass transition temperature (19°C), difficulties of joining, corrosive and prone to toxic fumes, low radiation resistance.
Polytetrafluoroethylene Market Segment Analysis
By application, PTFE is segmented into cable insulations, machine components, reactor and plant equipment, Non-stick domestic utensils, Medical industry.
By type, PTFE is segmented into granular PTFE resin, fine PTFE powder, PTFE dispersions, etc.
By end-user, it can be classified into Automotive, Chemical Industry, Electrical & Electronics, Engineering, Medical. Among all, Medical will have a huge growth of Polytetrafluoroethylene in the forecasted period as the end-users.
By grade, the Polytetrafluoroethylene is classified into virgin PTFE, glass-filled PTFE, bronze-filled PTFE, carbon-filled PTFE, and stainless steel-filled PTFE.
The granular PTFE resin is prepared by suspension polymerization in the aqueous form by mixing (small or no) dispersing agent amounts. It is used for moulding (compression and isostatic) and ram extrusion. The fine PTFE powder is produced by controlled emulsion polymerization, and the products are white, small-sized particles. These powders can be processed into thin sections by paste extrusion or used as additives to increase wear resistance or other materials' frictional property. PTFE dispersions are prepared by the aqueous polymerization using more dispersing agents with agitation. Dispersions are used for coatings and film casting. As PTFE has good properties such as chemical inertness, heat resistance, low coefficient of friction (static 0.08 and dynamic 0.01), electrical insulation properties, and nonstick properties over a vast temperature range (260 to 260°C) with density in the range of 2.1 - 2.3 g/cm3 and melts viscosity in the range of 1 -10 GPa per second.
Moreover, PTFE will have great growth in the medical industry, largely in the dental sector. As it implants, the PTFE membrane acts as an obstacle and prevents the gums from the bone cavity. Dense PTFE membranes are used for preparing dental implants in post-extraction bone regeneration. According to the American Society for Prosthodontics (ASP), approximately 52 % of adults in the U.S. suffer from periodontal disorders. It is expected by 2025, in the U.S., around 190 million adults will be facing a tooth loss problem. The increase in dental injuries is likely to increase the growth of PTFE by 2027.
The United States has the biggest shipper of Polytetrafluoroethylene. It imported the material worth US$ 158.91mn in 2016. The United States is likewise the second-biggest exporter of Polytetrafluoroethylene. Among the Asian nation, China, South Korea, and Japan are the biggest merchant. China imported material worth US$ 78.38mn, South Korea worth US$ 66.98mn, and Japan worth US$ 27.18mn.
Asia-Pacific regions, particularly China & India, hold the dominant market share in the worldwide market demand, followed by Europe and North America. The Asia Pacific is shown to be the largest market for these materials because of the cheap availability of raw materials, skilled labour, land, and equipment. The demand in North America and Europe is because of the increased use of the material in growing chemical and industrial processing in these regions and order in the growing automotive industry.
Asia-Pacific is the world's biggest market for Polytetrafluoroethylene. Non-stick cookware is a significant driver of the market. The developing car area in these locales is likewise pushing the interest for Polytetrafluoroethylene. China is the biggest exporter of PTFE material around the world. It sent out material worth US$ 154.69mn. The second-biggest exporter in 2016 was the United States. It sent out material worth US$ 118.6mn, trailed by Germany, which traded material worth US$ 107.6mn.
The worldwide exchange of PTFE material was – US$ 0.02bn in 2016. The import of the material was US$ 0.9bn while the fare was US$ 0.88bn in 2016. The exchange hole is shutting for as long as a couple of years.
The polytetrafluoroethylene Market is a moderated fragmented with the presence of global and regional players. The competitive edge lies with the increase in the regional company and growing investment in upstream applications. Taconic, Fiberflon, Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics, W. L. Gore & Associate, Chukoh Chemical, Daikin, Sefar AG, Fothergill, Birdair, W.F. Lake, Aetna Plastics are the major players. Manufacturers are actively involved in R&D for the enhancement of properties of the Polytetrafluoroethylene in terms of resistance, coating, electrical properties, and others.
Moreover, Taconic will put up constantly striving to raise the bar on core characteristics of PTFE coated glass fabrics by delivering highly engineered products with high release non-stick surface, Temperature resistance (-73C to +260C), outstanding chemical resistance, excellent fire resistance, superior electrical properties, water repellent & anti-staining coatings, food approved coatings, Coatings on glass & aramid fabrics. As Taconic grows and expands into new markets, the company continues to find a better way to meet new challenges by innovating better products with better materials and processes to meet customers' needs better. Besides, its advanced dielectric division, cellular infrastructure, is the primary market. It has become a world leader in manufacturing the matter used for base station antennas and power amplifiers. As innovation is going on in Taconic that they will find innovative solutions for the customers.
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