Marine Lubricants Market – Size, Share and Forecast (2019-2026)

SKU: DPC248 | Last Updated On: 2019-04-09 | No. of Pages: 202 | Available Formats

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ExxonMobil announces the supply of fuels that comply with the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) 0.5% sulfur cap in ports in Northwest Europe, the Mediterranean, and Singapore, 2 years before the application of this rule.

Marine Lubricants Market Overview

The Global Marine Lubricants Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX% to reach a market value of USD XX million by 2026.

Marine lubricants are oil formations that are used extensively in various types of machinery located on large ships usually to reduce the friction between the surfaces in contacts, which in turn prevents their wear and tear. These lubricants lost from the marine vessels and machinery (not accidental spills) enters the aquatic ecosystem, where severe damage to the aquatic ecosystem can take place. Hence the usage of Ecosystem friendly and Biodegradable Marine lubricants is on the rise. According to the Swedish Club, a mutual marine insurance company, lubrication oil failures is the most common and expensive kind of damage.

Further, IMO 2020, will enforce strict global regulation on the sulphur content of no greater than 0.5% following which will cause marine lubricant oil manufacturers to reassess the lubrication characteristics and requirements of their products.

Global Marine Lubricants Market Dynamics

The global market for the Marine Lubricants is primarily driven by the growing shipping industry in the world. Shipping remains the most cost-effective way to transport the vast majority of international trade and will be central to global development and growth in the future. According to the United Nations conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), around 80% of the global trade by volume and over 70% of the global trade by value are carried by sea. In the forthcoming years, expanding at 4%, global maritime trade will gather momentum and will raise sentiment in the shipping industry.

Further, global shipping ports are principal infrastructural assets that service shipping and trade, and their performance is largely determined by developments in the world economy and trade. According to the annual review of maritime transport by UNCTAD, the global port activity has increased considerably since 2017. Global container containers boasted an increase in the volume of about 6% during the year, up from 2.1% in 2016, and it is expected to increase further in the forecasted years. Increasing growth of the shipping industry and the trade along with the rise in the imports and exports will majorly augment the marine lubricants market in the forecasted years.

However, the Marine Lubricants market is expected to face an unnerving challenge ahead due to the various regulations imparted that are being imparted. For instance, IMO 2020, will demand sulfur content in marine fuels to be not more than 0.5% whereas the current permissible value stands at 3.5%. This imposition of the rules is expected to affect the Marine lubricant market directly as lubricants work accordingly to the fuel used. Further, the usage of Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants (EALs) is in demand considering the marine ecosystem, thus putting the manufacturers to requirements.

Global Marine Lubricants Segment Analysis

By Product Type, the Global Marine Lubricants market is segmented into Diesel Engine oils, Compressor Oils, Hydraulic oils, Refrigeration oils, Gear oils, Heat Transfer oils, and others. Diesel Engine Oils have three different marine Diesel application- Slow-speed, two-stroke crosshead engines (60-250 rpm), Medium-speed, four-stroke trunk piston engines (400-1000 rpm), High-speed, four-stroke engines (>1000rpm). Slow-speed engines are the predominant ones whereas high-speed ferry market is relatively new. Turbine oils are suitable for all kinds of equipment where an economical, yet high-quality, stable lubricant with good water-separating characteristics is sufficient. Comparing to Turbine oils, Hydraulic oils are more advanced, particularly concerning anti-wear performance, air release properties, and viscosity index.

By Ship type, the Global Marine Lubricants market is bifurcated into Containers, Tankers, Bulk Carriers, and RORO. Bulk Carriers account for the largest share of the world fleet in dead-weight tonnage according to UNCTAD. This, in turn, goes along with the consumption of the marine lubricants. Bulk carriers are followed by Oil Tankers, which account for 29.2% of total dead-weight tonnage. Then comes Container ships in the consumption of marine lubricants following Bulk carriers and Tankers.

By Oil Type, the Global Marine Lubricants market is segmented into Mineral, Synthetic, and Bio-Degradable. In 2018, Mineral lubricants segment dominated the market and is expected to maintain its dominance during the forecast period. However, bio-degradable lubricants segment is expected to witness higher CAGR during the forecast period. The demand of Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants (EALs) are increasing to meet the standards of toxicity, biodegradability and bioaccumulation potential that are supposed to minimize their consequences in the aquatic environment, when compared to synthetic and mineral lubricants. Even though synthetic lubricants are more expensive than mineral-oil based lubricants, they offer operating and performance advantages that decrease operating costs. For example, the synthetic lubricant is the preferred choice for lubricating cargo gas compressors that compress various gases.

Global Marine Lubricants Geographical Analysis

By Geography, the global marine lubricants market is segmented into North America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, South America and the Middle East and Africa.

Asia-Pacific region dominates the market share for Global Marine Lubricants market and is expected to the same in the forecasted years. This dominance is primarily attributed to superpower countries like China, India, Japan, and South Korea. The prime reason behind it is the growing shipping industries and the coming up of various new ports. According to UNCTAD, the largest ship owning country in terms of vessel numbers is China, with 5512 commercial ships of 1000 gross tons and above, many of which are developed in domestic trades as of 2017.

North America is expected to follow the APAC region in terms of the market share of Marine Lubricants owing to the closely related maritime connectivity with other countries. UNCTAD liner shipping connectivity index provides an indicator of the country's position within the global shipping network. The liner shipping index is closely related to the trade competitiveness and hence gives a fair idea about the marine lubricants market. As of 2018, following Asian-Pacific giants of China and Korea, came Netherlands and Germany with an index of 98.0 and 97.1 respectively.

Global Marine Lubricants Competitive Analysis

Key players in the market are adopting strategies such as mergers and partnerships, acquisitions, and regional expansion to stand out as strong competitors in the market. New product launches and increasing R&D are other ways the leading players improve their market presence.

The major players in the market include Exxon Mobil, Shell, BP plc, Chevron Corporation, and Total S.A. (Total LubMarine). Other prominent players in the market are Klüber Lubrication, Lukoil Marine Lubricants, Eni S.p.A., Sinopec, and Idemitsu Kosan Global.


The major players have already starting to devise their strategies in response to the new Rules and regulations that are being imposed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in 2020. For instance, Total SA has already started the work on next-generation fuels and lubricants to support the 2020 strategy. Experts from across Total SA will tour the world's major shipping hubs to discuss safe solutions and safe operations in 2020 and beyond.

  • On May 1, 2019, Chevron U.S.A Inc (CUSA), a wholly owned subsidiary of Chevron Corporation completed its acquisition from Petrobras America Inc. for all outstanding shares and equity interests of Pasadena Refining System, Inc(PRSI) and PRSI Trading LLC. This acquisition will build on the strength of the company's Gulf Coast business, enabling more supply of the retail market in the region with Chevron-produced products and positions for better connectivity to substantial upstream assets in the Permian Basin.
  • On 3rd September 2018, Klüber Lubrication developed the new, ultimately biodegradable high-performance lubricant Klüber BM 32-142 especially for the eco-friendly lubrication of rolling and plain bearings subject to extreme maritime conditions. This has been one significant development as this lubricant complies with the requirement for the classification as an Environmentally Acceptable Lubricant (EAL) in terms of biodegradability as defined by the US Environmental Protection Agency for the “2013 Vessel General Permit”.

Marine Lubricants Market Report Scope

  • The report covers the factors impacting the market, Porter 5 Forces, Competitive Scenario, Price trend analysis, Product Benchmarking, and company profiles.
  • Marine Lubricants Market is segmented by oil type into mineral oil, synthetic, bio-based, and grease. By product type, the market is categorized into engine oil, hydraulic fluid, compressor oil, and others.
  • By ship type, the market is categorized into bulk carrier, tanker, container, and others. Geographically, the market is segmented into – North America, South America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World.

 

Why Purchase the Report?

  • Visualize the composition of the Marine Lubricants market across each indication, regarding type and treatment options, highlighting the vital commercial assets and players.
  • Identify commercial opportunities in Marine Lubricants market by analyzing trends and co-development deals.
  • Excel data sheet with thousands of data points of the Marine Lubricants market – level 4/5 segmentation.
  • PDF report with the most relevant analysis cogently put together after exhaustive qualitative interviews and in-depth market study.
  • Product mapping in excel for the principal products of all major market players.

 

Who can benefit from this report?

  • Equipment Suppliers/ Buyers
  • Service Providers/ Buyers
  • Industry Investors/Investment Bankers
  • Education & Research Institutes
  • Research Professionals
  • Emerging Companies
  • Manufacturers

Global Marine Lubricants Market

1 Global Marine Lubricants Market -Scope and Methodology

1.1 Research Methodology

1.2 Scope of the market

2 Global Marine Lubricants Market -Key Trends and Developments

2.1 Key Trends and Developments

3 Global Marine Lubricants Market – Executive Summary

3.1 Market Snippet By Product Type

3.2 Market Snippet By Ship Type

3.3 Market Snippet By Oil Type

3.4 Market Snippet by Region

4 Global Marine Lubricants Market – Market Dynamics

4.1 Market impacting factors

4.2 Drivers

4.2.1 Thriving growth in the Shipping Industry

4.2.2 Driver 2

4.3 Restraints

4.3.1 Introduction of new Sulphur limits by IMO in 2020

4.3.2 Restraint 2

4.4 Opportunity

4.5 Impact analysis

5 Global Marine Lubricants Market – Industry Analysis

5.1 Porter's five forces analysis

5.2 Supply chain analysis

5.3 Pricing analysis

5.4 Regulatory analysis

6 Global Marine Lubricants Market – By Product Type (Application)

6.1 Introduction

6.1.1 Market size analysis, and y-o-y growth analysis (%), by Product Type

6.1.2  Market attractiveness index, by Product Type

6.2 Diesel Engine Oils

6.2.1 Introduction

6.2.2 Marine Diesel Application

                        6.4.2.1. Slow Speed Diesel Engines

                        6.4.2.2. Medium Speed Diesel Engines

                        6.4.2.3. High-Speed Diesel Engines

6.2.3 Market size analysis, and y-o-y growth analysis (%)

6.3 Turbine Oils     

6.4 Hydraulic Oils

6.5 Refrigeration Oils

6.6 Gear Oils

6.7 Heat-Transfer Oils    

6.8 Others

7 Global Marine Lubricants Market – By Ship Type

7.1 Introduction

7.1.1 Market size analysis, and y-o-y growth analysis (%), by Ship type

7.1.2  Market attractiveness index, by Ship Type

7.2 Bulk carrier

7.2.1 Introduction

7.2.2 Market size analysis, y-o-y growth analysis (%)

7.3 Tankers

7.4 Containers

7.5 RORO        

8 Global Marine Lubricants Market – By Oil Type

8.1 Introduction

8.1.1 Market size analysis, and y-o-y growth analysis (%), by Oil Type segment

8.1.2 Market attractiveness index, by Oil Type segment

8.2 Mineral

8.2.1 Introduction

8.2.2 Market size analysis, y-o-y growth analysis (%)

8.3 Synthetic 

8.4 Bio-degradable

9 Global Marine Lubricants Market – By Region

9.1 Introduction

9.1.1 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Region

9.1.2 Market Attractiveness Index, By Region

9.2 Asia Pacific

9.2.1 Introduction

9.2.2 Key Region-Specific Dynamics

9.2.3 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product Type (Application)

9.2.4 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Ship Type

9.2.5 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Oil Type

9.2.6 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Countries

9.2.6.1 China

9.2.6.2 India

9.2.6.3 Japan

9.2.6.4 Rest of Asia Pacific

9.3 North America

9.3.1 Introduction

9.3.2 Key region-specific dynamics

9.3.3 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product Type

9.3.4 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Ship Type

9.3.5 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Oil Type

9.3.6 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Countries

9.3.6.1 U.S.

9.3.6.2 Canada

9.3.6.3 Mexico

9.4 Europe

9.4.1 Introduction

9.4.2 Key Region-Specific Dynamics

9.4.3 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product Type (Application)

9.4.4 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Ship Type

9.4.5 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Oil Type

9.4.6 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Countries

9.4.6.1 Germany

9.4.6.2 U.K.

9.4.6.3 France

9.4.6.4 Rest of Europe

9.5 South America

9.5.1 Introduction

9.5.2 Key Region-Specific Dynamics

9.5.3 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product Type (Application)

9.5.4 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Ship Type

9.5.5 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Oil Type

9.5.6 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Countries

9.5.6.1 Brazil

9.5.6.2 Argentina

9.5.6.3 Rest of South America

9.6 The Middle East And Africa

9.6.1 Introduction

9.6.2 Key Region-Specific Dynamics

9.6.3 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Product Type (Application)

9.6.4 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Ship Type

9.6.5 Market Size Analysis, And Y-O-Y Growth Analysis (%), By Oil Type

10 Global Marine Lubricants Market – Competitive Landscape

10.1 Competitive scenario

10.2 Market positioning/share analysis

10.3 Mergers and acquisitions analysis

11 Company Profiles

11.1 Exxon Mobil

11.1.1 Company Overview

11.1.2 Type Portfolio And Description

11.1.3 Key Highlights

11.1.4 Financial Overview

11.1.5 Technical and Safety Data Sheets

11.2  Shell

11.3  BP plc

11.4  Chevron Corporation

11.5  Total S.A.

11.6  Klüber Lubrication

11.7  Lukoil Marine Lubricants

11.8  Sinopec

11.9  Eni S.p.A.

11.10 Idemitsu Kosan Global

12 Global Marine Lubricants Market – Premium Insights

13 Global Marine Lubricants Market – DataM 

13.1 Appendix

13.2 About us and services

13.3 Contact us

List of Tables

Table 1      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Product Type, 2018,2022 & 2026 ($ Million)     

Table 2      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Ship Type, 2018,2022 & 2026 ($ Million)

Table 3      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Oil Type, 2018,2022 & 2026 ($ Million)   

Table 4      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Region, 2018,2022 & 2026 ($ Million)     

Table 5      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Product Type, 2018,2022 & 2026 ($ Million)     

Table 6      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Product Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)        

Table 7      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Ship Type, 2018,2022 & 2026 ($ Million)

Table 8      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Ship Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)    

Table 9      Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Oil Type, 2018,2022 & 2026 ($ Million)   

Table 10    Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Oil Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)      

Table 11     Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Region, 2018,2022 & 2026 ($ Million)     

Table 12    Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Region, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Table 13    North America Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Product Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)    

Table 14    North America Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Ship Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Table 15    North America Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Oil Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)  

Table 16    North America Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Country, 2017-2026 ($ Million)   

Table 17    South America Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Product Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)    

Table 18    South America Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Ship Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Table 19    South America Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Oil Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)  

Table 20    South America Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Country, 2017-2026 ($ Million)   

Table 21    Europe Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Product Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)       

Table 22    Europe Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Ship Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)   

Table 23    Europe Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Oil Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)     

Table 24    Europe Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Country, 2017-2026 ($ Million)      

Table 25    Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Product Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Table 26    Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Ship Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)    

Table 27    Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Oil Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)       

Table 28    Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Country, 2017-2026 ($ Million)        

Table 29    Middle East & Africa Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Product Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)   

Table 30    Middle East & Africa Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Ship Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)        

Table 31    Middle East & Africa Marine Lubricants Market Value, By Oil Type, 2017-2026 ($ Million)  

Table 32    Exxon Mobil: Overview        

Table 33    Exxon Mobil: Product Portfolio     

Table 34    Exxon Mobil: Key Developments   

Table 35    Shell: Overview 

Table 36    Shell: Product Portfolio        

Table 37    Shell: Key Developments     

Table 38    Bp plc: Overview

Table 39    Bp plc: Product Portfolio      

Table 40    Bp plc: Key Developments   

Table 41    Chevron Corporation: Overview   

Table 42    Chevron Corporation: Product Portfolio 

Table 43    Chevron Corporation: Key Developments       

Table 44    Total S.A.: Overview   

Table 45    Total S.A.: Product Portfolio

Table 46    Total S.A.: Key Developments       

Table 47    Klüber Lubrication: Overview      

Table 48    Klüber Lubrication: Product Portfolio    

Table 49    Klüber Lubrication: Key Developments 

Table 50    Lukoil Marine Lubricants: Overview     

Table 51    Lukoil Marine Lubricants: Product Portfolio   

Table 52    Lukoil Marine Lubricants: Key Developments

Table 53    Sinopec: Overview      

Table 54    Sinopec: Product Portfolio   

Table 55    Sinopec: Key Developments 

Table 56    Eni S.p.A.: Overview  

Table 57    Eni S.p.A.: Product Portfolio

Table 58    Eni S.p.A.: Key Developments      

Table 59    Idemitsu Kosan Global: Overview 

Table 60    Idemitsu Kosan Global: Product Portfolio       

Table 61    Idemitsu Kosan Global: Key Developments


List of Figures

Figure 1    Global Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Product Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 2    Global Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Ship Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 3    Global Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Oil Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 4    Global Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Region, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 5    Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 6    Global Marine Lubricants Market Y-o-Y Growth, By Product Type, 2018-2026 (%)

Figure 7    Diesel Engine Oils: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 8    Turbine Oils: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 9    Hydraulic Oils: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 10  Refrigeration Oils: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 11   Gear Oils: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 12  Heat Transfer Oils: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 13  Global Marine Lubricants Market Y-o-Y Growth, By Ship Type, 2018-2026 (%)

Figure 14  Bulk Carriers: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 15   Tankers: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 16  Containers: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 17   RORO: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 18  Global Marine Lubricants Market Y-o-Y Growth, By Oil Type, 2018-2026 (%)

Figure 19  Mineral: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 20  Synthetic: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 21  Bio-Degradable: Global Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 22  Global Marine Lubricants Market Y-o-Y Growth, By Region, 2018-2026 (%)

Figure 23  North America Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 24  North America Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Product Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 25  North America Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Ship Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 26  North America Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Oil Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 27  North America Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Country, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 28  South America Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 29  South America Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Product Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 30  South America Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Ship Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 31  South America Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Oil Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 32  South America Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Country, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 33  Europe Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 34  Europe Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Product Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 35  Europe Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Ship Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 36  Europe Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Oil Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 37  Europe Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Country, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 38  Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 39  Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Product Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 40  Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Ship Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 41  Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Oil Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 42  Asia-Pacific Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Country, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 43  Middle East & Africa Marine Lubricants Market Value, 2017-2026 ($ Million)

Figure 44  Middle East & Africa Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Product Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 45  Middle East & Africa Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Ship Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 46  Middle East & Africa Marine Lubricants Market Share, By Oil Type, 2018 & 2026 (%)

Figure 47  Exxon Mobil: Financials

Figure 48  Shell: Financials

Figure 49  Bp plc: Financials

Figure 50  Chevron Corporation: Financials

Figure 51   Total S.A.: Financials

Figure 52  Klüber Lubrication: Financials

Figure 53  Lukoil Marine Lubricants: Financials

Figure 54  Sinopec: Financials

Figure 55  Eni S.p.A.: Financials

Figure 56  Idemitsu Kosan Global: Financials

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