The Kenya and Jordan Vegetable Seeds Market is expected to grow at a high CAGR during the forecasting period (2021-2028).
Kenya, the largest East African economy has one of the key agricultural markets in the region. The sector accounted for nearly 60% of the workforce and 35% of the national GDP in 2018
Maize and Wheat are the major crops grown in the country. Beyond these cereals, vegetables evolved as a lucrative crop in Kenya. The primary production of vegetables in Kenya was recorded as 2.55 million tons in 2018, witnessing an annual growth of 3%
Kenya vegetable seeds market valued USD 26 million in 2018 and is estimated to reach USD XX billion by 2026 with a CAGR of 4.85% during the forecast period from 2019 to 2026
The low productivity of crops has been the primary challenge for farming communities and seed developers in Kenya over the decades. Kenya has the lowest crop productivity over all other countries in the region. For instance, Potato yield in Kenyan farms is nearly half the volume produced by developed countries
The major seed producers in the region are focusing on the development of high-quality seeds that address this issue
The seed manufacturing companies evolved as the key industry participants in the agricultural sector to meet the food and nutritional needs of a growing population in Kenya
The rising awareness towards the pivotal role of clean seeds in increasing the overall productivity is the primary factor for the growth of the vegetable seeds market in Kenya
The productivity of Potato and other vegetables in Kenya is far less than that of other African nations. The low yield of crops is majorly attributable to inefficient irrigation, failure in the use of clean seeds, fungicides, and fertilizers. Several researches have proven that seeds have the highest impact on overall production followed by irrigation
Potato is the second largest food crop by volume consumption in the country next only to Maize. However, the low yield rate of Potato is motivating the need for clean seeds. Currently, the adoption of clean seeds is significantly lower at 4.5% in Kenya
Adoption of high-quality seeds generated nearly 40% higher yields in selected farms of the country. Companies such as Corteva Agriscience, East African Seeds, and EABC are focusing on the supply of clean seeds in the domestic market
Although the adoption of GM seeds has increased, many regulations are imposed on the cultivation of GM crops because of ecological and economic concerns.
These concerns have led to objections, trade disputes, litigation, and restrictive legislation in countries such as the US, India, and Brazil.
It is alleged that GM foods can cause cancer, lead to genetic mutation, and create resistance to antibiotics in humans, apart from other health concerns.
These concerns are hindering the growth of the market for GM seeds.
There are a number of ways in which GE seeds often contaminate conventional or organic seeds, thereby compromising their purity.
Such transference of properties can easily take place during the season of pollination.
The pollen from a GE crop could easily travel long distances and contaminate organic or conventional crops. Such contamination could also occur through seed mixing, by using the same equipment for planting, harvesting, transporting, and storing both kinds of seeds.
Such contamination of conventional and organic seeds can be fast and difficult to detect.
For example, within a year of the release of GE alfalfa, contamination of these variants was found in non-GE plantings of alfalfa.
For such contamination of non-GE seeds to be avoided and mitigated, many organizations are still undertaking methods in which strict standards are being set for organic and conventional seeds. For example, the US National Organic Program does not allow crops that use seeds, which are developed using recombinant DNA techniques to be labeled as organic.
The key industry participants of the market include seed breeders, seed producers, distributors, policymakers, and end-users. Regulatory bodies form a major stakeholder in the vegetable seeds market in Kenya
The vegetable seeds business in Kenya is highly regulated by several regulatory bodies. The production, import, and distribution of the seeds are required to comply with the stringent regulations posed by these bodies
Kenya Plant health inspectorate Service (KEPHIS) is the lead regulatory authority in the country responsible for ensuring quality agricultural inputs in the country. Also, the Ministry of Agriculture commissioned several guidelines towards the use of vegetable and cereal seeds
Beyond production processes, these regulatory authorities also pose a significant impact on breeding, packaging, distribution, and trade of vegetable seeds
Also, there are several governments and NGOs that frame policies for the effective utilization of agrochemicals, seeds, machinery, and technologies in domestic agricultural practices. Plant Breeders Association, Kenya Farmers Association, and Kenya National Federation of Co-operatives (KNFC) are some of the key policymakers in the market
Potatoes accounted for the largest share of XX% in the dollar sales of the vegetable seeds market in Kenya
The large acreage of potato production in the country resulted in a surge in demand for potato seeds in the country. According to Kenya Agricultural Statistics, over 1.52 million tons of potato was produced in 192,341 hectares of land
Kenya potato seeds market was valued at USD XX Mn in 2018 and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of XX% over the forecast period to reach a USD XX Mn by 2026.
However, the average potato yield in Kenya is recorded as 6 to 7 tons per hectare which is significantly lower than the global average of 17 tons
This is motivating the farming communities and government bodies towards the adoption of high-quality seeds and farming practices in the country
Also, the unpredictable climatic conditions and high altitudes are shifting the grower's interest from maize to potato, thus supporting market growth
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