Published: 2022 June 06
Continuous Passive Movement Market
180 pages
Report Summary
Table of Contents
List of Tables & Figures

Continuous Passive Motion Market is segmented By Device Type (Hip Joint CPM devices, Knee Joint CPM devices, Ankle Joint CPM devices, Shoulder Joint CPM devices, Other CPM devices), By Design (Portable, Fixed), By End-User (Hospitals, Rehabilitation Centers, Home-Based User), and By Region (North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East, and Africa) – Size, Share Outlook, and Opportunity Analysis, 2023-2030.

Continuous passive movement market size is estimated to reach a high CAGR 6.7% during the forecast period (2023-2030). Continuous passive motion (CPM) devices are used during the first phase of rehabilitation following a soft tissue surgical procedure or trauma. The goals of phase 1 rehabilitation are: control post-operative pain, reduce inflammation, provide passive motion in a specific plane of movement, and protect the healing repair or tissue. CPM is carried out by a CPM device, which constantly moves the joint through a controlled range of motion; the exact range is dependent upon the joint, but in most cases the range of motion is increased over time.

CPM is used following various types of reconstructive joint surgery such as knee replacement and ACL reconstruction. Its mechanisms of action for aiding joint recovery are dependent upon what surgery is performed. For patients who have had total knee replacement without complications, continuous passive motion has been shown to provide clinically relevant benefits. CPM does improve long-term function, long-term knee flexion, knee extension in the short or long term. In unusual cases where the person has problems which prevent standard mobilization treatment, then CPM may be useful.

There are limited occupational therapies that are fully supported across a spectrum of patients. The fundamental movements provided by the CPM units, potentially allows for a remedial and fast progressing therapy.[5] This is according to the University of California. This is an untapped potential for stroke patients that needs to be further explored, according to the same source. CPM units are a rare form of therapy that directly correlates the amount of use to the amount of progress. It is easy to neglect at-home therapeutic exercises for various reasons, but CPMs can be used while watching television or doing anything stationary.

Continuous Passive Motion Market



Market CAGR


Segments Covered

By Device Type, By Design, By End-User, and By Region

Report Insights Covered

Competitive Landscape Analysis, Company Profile Analysis, Market Size, Share, Growth, Demand, Recent Developments, Mergers and acquisitions, New Product Launches, Growth Strategies, Revenue Analysis, and Other key insights.

Fastest Growing Region

Asia Pacific

Largest Market Share 

North America

Market Dynamics

The global market for continuous passive movement is driven by the increasing prevalence of diseases associated with joint replacement, ligament reconstruction, and the rising numbers of traumas and also with the growing number of geriatric population. Other factors driving the market are increasing investments by government organizations to rehabilitate and overcome the disability. High costs of treatment and bottlenecks w.r.t. insurance claim disbursement are the factors that are restricting market growth.

Increasing prevalence of diseases associated with joint replacement

Around 7 million Americans are living with a hip or knee replacement, and consequently, in most cases, are mobile, despite advanced arthritis. These numbers underscore the substantial public health impact of total hip and knee arthroplasties. The incidence of joint replacement procedures is high, with over 1 million total hip and total knee replacement procedures performed each year in the United States. With the aging of the “baby boomers,” higher rates of diagnosis and treatment of advanced arthritis, and growing demand for improved mobility and quality of life, the annual procedure volumes are projected to increase considerably in the future, making joint replacements the most common elective surgical procedures in the coming decades. Such a large increase in demand is unprecedented and must be addressed with effective planning of health-care services for these individuals, not only during the perioperative period but throughout the lifelong continued care of this population. Patients with chronic diseases reported more severe joint problems immediately before hip or knee replacement surgery suggesting they have hip or knee replacement later in the course of their joint disease. CPM machines can help with rehabilitation and post operative pain management after surgeries. Affordable options must be created to cater to a wider range of customers.

Growing number of the elderly population is expected to drive market growth

Two thirds of the world’s older persons live in the developing regions, where their numbers are growing faster than in the developed regions. In 2050, it is expected that nearly 8 in 10 of the world’s older persons will be living in the developing regions. According to the United Nations, In 2030, older persons are expected to outnumber children under age 10 (1.41 billion versus 1.35 billion); in 2050, projections indicate that there will be more older persons aged 60 or over than adolescents and youth at ages 10-24 (2.1 billion versus 2.0 billion). Globally, the number of persons aged 80 years or over is projected to increase more than threefold between 2017 and 2050, rising from 137 million to 425 million. With an increase in the geriatric population, probability of incidence of knee-replacement surgeries, arthritis and other joint ailments will increase. This, combined with the increasing concern towards health, increasing investments by the government for healthcare will drive market growth.

High costs associated with advanced Continuous Passive Movement machines make them unappealing for use

As CPM machines become more sophisticated, they offer more advanced rehabilitation capacities, better range of motion for joints and even long-term pain management treatments. However, this is accompanied with increasing costs of equipment, increasing maintenance costs, high cost of replacements, need to hire expert technicians etc. thus making this an expensive service for consumers. Patients in low-income categories, doctors from smaller clinics are now more likely to avoid expensive instruments and use older devices or entirely abandon the pursuit, looking for alternative modes of treatment. This can impact the market growth especially in low-income countries.

COVID-19 Impact Analysis

As the COVID-19 outbreak continues to endanger global health and hamper the world economy, there are growing concerns about different parts of personal health, which has made the general public more receptive to medical treatments. Complications of COVID-19 that arise in patients during pathogenesis and in post-recovery affect the respiratory tract. Dental imaging has been used by health professionals to deal with these complications. In the short term, the market has taken a hit due to the lockdown. But this seems to be a temporary setback that the industry is expected to recover from. All areas of healthcare are focusing on digitization which will drive market growth for Continuous Passive Movement.

Segment Analysis

On the basis by device type, the market is segmented into the hip joint CPM devices, knee joint CPM devices, ankle joint CPM devices, shoulder joint CPM devices, and other CPM devices. Knee and hip joint CPM devices primarily dominate the market of continuous passive motion.

Hip and Knee joint CPM devices are projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period.

Over 600,000 people undergo knee replacement surgery every year in the United States alone. By 2030, the global number for total knee replacement surgeries are projected to grow 673% to 3.5 million procedures per year. The number of ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) reconstruction surgeries are growing at a CAGR of XX%, which will further drive the need for knee rehabilitation, physiotherapy, and pain management. The utilisation of hip implants in OECD countries continues to grow by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.2%, leading to an increase from 1.8 million per year in 2015 to 2.8 (2.6-2.9) in the year 2050. Therefore, some countries will face an exponential use of hip arthroplasty of additional 100% or more and thus challenges for their health care budgets.

Rehabilitation centres and home users to register the highest growth rate during the forecast period.

The market is divided into three segments based on end user: rehabilitation centres, hospitals and home-users. Rehabilitation centres are expected to grow at the fastest rate during the forecast period. This segment's rapid growth can be attributed to the increasing affordability of CPM devices, rising approval towards use of CPM devices, government spending on rehabilitation centres, and the growing need for safe, reliable and quality patient treatment and therapy.

Continuous Passive Motion Market Geographical Analysis

Arthritis, trauma damage and joint-replacement surgeries to boost market growth in North America at a CAGR of XX%

North America holds a major market share in the global Continuous Passive Movement market due to changing lifestyle among people and increasing prevalence rate of arthritis, growing geriatric population, obesity, neglect to personal health, changes in eating habits, increasing cases of accidents and trauma disorders. According to recent findings, the prevalence of self-reported, doctor-diagnosed arthritis is projected to increase from 47.8 million in 2005 to nearly 67 million by 2030 (25% of the adult population). By 2030, 25 million (9.3% of the adult population) are projected to report arthritis-attributable activity limitations. By 2030, the number of US adults with arthritis and its associated activity limitation is expected to increase substantially, resulting in a large impact on individuals, the health care system, and society in general.

Australia faces a growing number of joint replacement surgeries due to osteoarthritis. CPM devices can greatly help to ease the load.

Based on recent growth, the incidence of TKR (total knee replacement) and THR (total hip replacement) for osteoarthritis is estimated to rise by 276% and 208%, respectively, by 2030. The total cost to the healthcare system would be $XX billion, of which $XX billion relates to the private sector. Projected growth in obesity rates would result in 24,707 additional TKRs totalling $XXX million. If surgery trends for OA continue, Australia faces an unsustainable joint replacement burden by 2030, with significant healthcare budget and health workforce implications. Hence this is an important growing market in the APAC region with great potential for market investors.

Competitive Landscape

The continuous passive movement market is moderately competitive with presence of local as well as global companies.  Some of the key players contributing to the growth of the market are DJO Global, Inc, Bio-Med Inc., BTL Corporate, Furniss Corporation, Chinesport S.p.a., RIMEC S.R.L, OPED GmbH, Kinetec Medical Products UK Ltd., Comfortland Medical and Mettler Electronic Corp.

DJO, a subsidiary of Colfax Corporation and a leading global provider of medical technologies to get and keep people moving, announced in 2021 that Colfax has entered into a definitive agreement to expand DJO’s successful reconstructive business and acquire Mathys AG Bettlach, a Switzerland-based company that develops and distributes innovative products for artificial joint replacement, synthetic bone graft solutions, and sports medicine. It also recently completed the acquisition of MedShape, Inc., a privately held orthopedic medical device company founded in 2005.

DJO Global Inc.

Overview: DJO is a medical device company that produces a variety of orthopedic products for rehabilitation, pain management and physical therapy. It has multiple divisions including Bracing & Supports, Surgical, Footcare, Healthcare Solutions, Recovery, and Consumer. In the first quarter of 2019, Colfax Corporation, a publicly traded, diversified technology company, acquired DJO. DJO has more than five thousand employees in more than a dozen facilities around the world.

Product Portfolio: The company has a diverse range of products which spans different categories such as Bracing & Supports, Surgical, Footcare, Healthcare Solutions, Recovery, and Consumer. In the Continuous Passive Movement product range, they have products such as Artromot™ E2 Compact Elbow CPM, OptiFlex Ankle CPM, Dura*Kold CPM Knee Wrap, OptiFlex S, S3 Fleece Patient Kit, and the Chattanooga Artomot SP2-2M Ankle CPM Patient Kit, OptiFlex Patient Kit and OptiFlex-K1. These products are produced with cutting-edge technology, which address a full range of motion for the various joints in the human body.

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